Info to the Public
Dr AbdulKalam's Advice to People
Dr.Abdul Kalam's speech

Zika Virus

Zika Virus Where has Zika virus been found? ∙ Prior to 2015, Zika virus outbreaks have occurred in areas of Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. ∙ In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infections in Brazil. ∙ Currently, outbreaks are occurring in many countries. ∙ Zika virus will continue to spread and it will be difficult to determine how the virus will spread over time. Zika in the United States and its territories: ∙ No locally transmitted Zika cases have been reported in the continental United States, but cases have been reported in returning travelers. ∙ Locally transmitted Zika virus has been reported in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ∙ With the recent outbreaks, the number of Zika cases among travelers visiting or returning to the United States will likely increase. ∙ These imported cases could result in local spread of the virus in some areas of the United States. Countries and territories with active Zika virus transmission Zika-affected Areas AMERICAS ∙ Barbados ∙ Bolivia ∙ Brazil ∙ Colombia ∙ Dominican Republic ∙ Ecuador ∙ El Salvador ∙ French Guiana ∙ Guadeloupe ∙ Guatemala ∙ Guyana ∙ Haiti ∙ Honduras ∙ Martinique ∙ Mexico ∙ Panama ∙ Paraguay ∙ Puerto Rico ∙ Saint Martin ∙ Suriname ∙ U.S. Virgin Islands ∙ Venezuela OCEANIA/PACIFIC ISLANDS ∙ Samoa AFRICA ∙ Cape Verde Prevention ∙ No vaccine exists to prevent Zika virus disease (Zika). ∙ Prevent Zika by avoiding mosquito bites (see below). ∙ Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus bite mostly during the daytime. ∙ Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus also spread dengue and chikungunya viruses. When traveling to countries where Zika virus or other viruses spread by mosquitoes are found, take the following steps: ∙ Use insect repellents o When used as directed, insect repellents are safe and effective for everyone, including pregnant and nursing women. o Most insect repellents can be used on children. Do not use products containing oil of lemon eucalyptus in children under the age of three years. o Repellents containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, and some oil of lemon eucalyptus and para-menthane-diol products provide long lasting protection. o If you use both sunscreen and insect repellent, apply the sunscreen first and then the repellent. o Do not spray insect repellent on the skin under your clothing. o Treat clothing with permethrin or purchase permethrin-treated clothing. o Always follow the label instructions when using insect repellent or sunscreen. ∙ When weather permits, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants. ∙ Use air conditioning or window/door screens to keep mosquitoes outside. If you are not able to protect yourself from mosquitoes inside your home or hotel, sleep under a mosquito bed net. ∙ Help reduce the number of mosquitoes inside and outside your home or hotel room by emptying standing water from containers such as flowerpots or buckets. If you have Zika, protect others from getting sick ∙ During the first week of infection, Zika virus can be found in the blood and passed from an infected person to another mosquito through mosquito bites. An infected mosquito can then spread the virus to other people. ∙ To help prevent others from getting sick, avoid mosquito bites during the first week of illness. Transmission Through mosquito bites Zika virus is transmitted to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These are the same mosquitoes that spread dengueand chikungunya viruses. ∙ These mosquitoes typically lay eggs in and near standing water in things like buckets, bowls, animal dishes, flower pots and vases. They are aggressive daytime biters, prefer to bite people, and live indoors and outdoors near people. ∙ Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on a person already infected with the virus. Infected mosquitoes can then spread the virus to other people through bites. Rarely, from mother to child ∙ A mother already infected with Zika virus near the time of delivery can pass on the virus to her newborn around the time of birth, but this is rare. ∙ It is possible that Zika virus could be passed from mother to fetus during pregnancy. This mode of transmission is being investigated. ∙ To date, there are no reports of infants getting Zika virus through breastfeeding. Because of the benefits of breastfeeding, mothers are encouraged to breastfeed even in areas where Zika virus is found. Possibly through infected blood or sexual contact ∙ There has been one report of possible spread of the virus through blood transfusion and one report of possible spread of the virus through sexual contact. Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment Symptoms ∙ About 1 in 5 people infected with Zika virus become ill (i.e., develop Zika). ∙ The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) for Zika virus disease is not known, but is likely to be a few days to a week. ∙ The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week. ∙ Zika virus usually remains in the blood of an infected person for a few days but it can be found longer in some people. ∙ Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon. ∙ Deaths are rare. Diagnosis ∙ The symptoms of Zika are similar to those of dengue and chikungunya, diseases spread through the same mosquitoes that transmit Zika. ∙ See your healthcare provider if you develop the symptoms described above and have visited an area where Zika is found. ∙ If you have recently traveled, tell your healthcare provider when and where you traveled. ∙ Your healthcare provider may order blood tests to look for Zika or other similar viruses like dengue or chikungunya. Treatment ∙ No vaccine or medications are available to prevent or treat Zika infections. Treat the symptoms: o Get plenty of rest o Drink fluids to prevent dehydration o Take medicines, such as acetaminophen or paracetamol, to relieve fever and pain o Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), like ibuprofen and naproxen. Aspirin and NSAIDs should be avoided until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of hemorrhage (bleeding). If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication. If you have Zika, avoid mosquito bites for the first week of your illness. o During the first week of infection, Zika virus can be found in the blood and passed from an infected person to another mosquito through mosquito bites. o An infected mosquito can then spread the virus to other people. Where has Zika virus been found? ∙ Prior to 2015, Zika virus outbreaks have occurred in areas of Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. ∙ In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infections in Brazil. ∙ Currently, outbreaks are occurring in many countries. ∙ Zika virus will continue to spread and it will be difficult to determine how the virus will spread over time. Zika in the United States and its territories: ∙ No locally transmitted Zika cases have been reported in the continental United States, but cases have been reported in returning travelers. ∙ Locally transmitted Zika virus has been reported in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ∙ With the recent outbreaks, the number of Zika cases among travelers visiting or returning to the United States will likely increase. ∙ These imported cases could result in local spread of the virus in some areas of the United States

Stress Redection top 10 Methods

Cell Phones
1..Do not use your cell phone while driving unless you’re equipped with a hands-free device.Pull off the road if you must take or make calls. .
2.Don’t send or read text messages while driving. Doing so diverts your attention from the road.
3.Obey the speed limit, driving too fast gives you less time to react or stop.Leave early for your destination to avoid speeding or driving in a hurry. Excess speed is a major cause of teenage accidents.
4.Avoid empty gossiping when travelling with friends. While doing a conversation is not a threat but drawing attention from driving to chit chat is a bad thing. It is vital that the driver is alert always to avoid any impending risks.
5.Do not drive when angry or upset. Emotions can interfere with safe driving. Ensure that no matter how angry you are you must cool down before you hit the road.
6.Don’t comb your hair or put on make-up, even if you are stopped at traffic lights as it may grab your attention.
7.Don’t drink and drive, and don’t travel with anyone who has been drinking. As a teen you are not allowed to be driving with any drug or alcohol as it can impair driving and judgment.
8.Set up your music system before starting the car and keep the volume down. Singing with loud music and changing the song or station are two of the main reasons teenagers get into accidents. These activities can take your attention away from driving.
Vehicle crashes are the prime cause of deaths for teens. If you do not pay your full attention to driving a vehicle, bad things can happen very quickly. Keep your attention focused on driving and enjoy your ride.

IS YOUR WATER CLEAN?

Are You Drinking Enough Water?

Generally, nutritionists recommend we follow the "8x8 rule."
Drink eight 8-ounce glasses of water a day.
You may need more water if you exercise or sweat heavily.
You may need less water if you drink other beverages often.

Contaminants such as lead in water?

Put down your glass and learn more.

Did you know there could be contaminants such as lead in water without you knowing it?

Consider the Source

Our drinking water comes from one of two sources. Larger water-treatment facilities typically draw from surface water (lakes, rivers, and reservoirs), while smaller water systems often rely more on groundwater. Groundwater tends to be cleaner because it's less vulnerable to human-generated pollution: sewage, oil, pesticides, fertilizers, mine waste, and bacteria and viruses that thrive in open waters.
However, groundwater is not contaminant-free as it can pick up substances from poor-performing septic tanks, landfills, agricultural runoff and leaky pipes, as well as from weathering of rocks and soils that may contain naturally occurring metals such as lead, copper and arsenic.

Slipping Through the Cracks

As water leaves the treatment facility and eventually arrives at your home, it passes through a large network of pipes, many of which are aging and cracked. Cracked pipes can both leak water out and let potentially contaminated water into the pipes and into your home. 
Household plumbing has its own issues, too. For instance, the  Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that 10 to 20 percent of human exposure to lead results from contaminated drinking water.

Pharmaceuticals - NEWS

An  report  showed that trace levels of pharmaceuticals were detected in the drinking water of at least 51 lacs Indians including antibiotics, mood stabilizers and sex hormones.  We rank their drinking water as one of the major factors for maintaining good health; however, two-thirds are unaware that pharmaceuticals can be found in tap water.  "In order to maintain good health, it's important to make sure you and your family are drinking the proper amounts of the cleanest water possible. Water filtration systems remove over 96%of trace levels of pharmaceuticals from tap water. In addition, it reduces heavy metals and 99.9 percent of microbial cysts that can lead to gastrointestinal illness – all at a fraction of the price of bottled water."

Want More Information?

You can get a water report on the quality of your city's drinking water. The test results for contaminants, such as the microbe Cryptosporidium, which can cause diarrhea, vomiting and cramps, and mercury, which can cause kidney or nervous system disorders, to name a few.

Take Action

If you're concerned about water quality in your home, you can contact your county's health department for help in testing for bacteria or nitrates.
Finally, consider going on the offensive by installing a PURE water filtration system as a last line of defense against many contaminants that may be in your drinking water.                                                          

Dr.M.Suryanarayanan

Need stress relief? Try the four A's

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